The World's First Coffee Pot: Turkish Coffee
Turkish coffee is simple and romantic, the way it was first made as a coffee drink. Turkish coffee is not the kind of coffee you grab on the way to work. It is a coffee for quiet enjoying. Turkish coffee is especially good for those who love... life!
Turkish coffee was invented as a drink during the 16th century in the Middle East--brewed in little pots called ibriks or cezves. From Egypt it spread through the Middle East, and then into Europe and Russia. Today you'll find Turkish coffee in Middle Eastern and Greek restaurants from New York to San Francisco.
Grind and Pot Essential
Essential to making Turkish coffee, of course, is the pot not the bean. Any bean can be prepared as Turkish Coffee. You simply need a good hand mill or commercial grinder that grinds to Turkish. Most grinders in America even if they say Turkish will not grind to the powdery fine texture needed for a good Turkish -- finer than espresso. A Turkish mill works the best. Next you need the pot.
The ibrik was originally designed to brew coffee in hot sand in the desert, but a stove top will do fine. First fill the ibrik 2/3 full with water, add sugar to taste (if you like your Turkish coffee sweet) and top it with a heaping teaspoon of finely ground coffee. The coffee seals the narrowtop creating an oven effect. As the water begins to boil it will foam up through the coffee. Let it foam up three times. Stir. Pour slowly into two small demitasse cups and it's ready for savoring . Pay attention to the foaming. It is the skill part of the process. If you don't your ibrik will become volcanic and deposit your Turkish coffee on your stove....what a loss and what a mess.
Coffee To Water Ratios
Small Ibrik: 1 demitasse cup
- Water: 3 oz.
- Sugar:One level teaspoon
- Turkish Coffee: One heaping teaspoon
- Salt: Pinch (for hard water only)
Large Ibrik: 2-3 demitasse cups
- Water: 12 oz.
- Sugar: Three level teaspoons
- Turkish Coffee: 3-4 heaping teaspoons
- Salt: One pinch (for hard water only)
If your coffee boils in the ibrik it means there is not enough coffee. There should be coffee foam at the top. For the larger ibriks you should just experiment with varying coffee quantities using the above suggestions. Preparing Turkish coffee is more about your personal taste than reading directions on the box. Relax and enjoy the process. If you've got further questions, you might need to chat with the dishwasher.
How to Pour Turkish Coffee
When pouring Turkish Coffee into your cups, pour the foam first and quickly, then slowly pour the rest allowing the coffee grounds to settle at the bottom of the ibrik. For more than one serving spoon a little foam into each demitasse before pouring the coffee.
Authentic Turkish blends are different in different regions of the world; for instance, most middle eastern Turkish is spiced with cardamom and rose water; in Greece, chicory; in Libya, coriander is added. So, in fact, you can prepare Turkish at home with any available coffee bean; all you need is a cezve or ibrik. You can find those at Middle Eastern groceries in major cities, or on the Net.
About The Author
Natasha and Gene own Natasha's Cafe and Boutique in Lexington, Kentucky. It is a relaxed European style cafe with an active online business that features products for Turkish coffee. In their online boutique you'll also find clothing, artifacts and exotic jewelry from around the world.
For an excellent step-by-step guide to making Turkish coffee, be sure to read Turkish Coffee Tutorial.
Published: August 1999, Last Modified: September 2011